Monday, January 11, 2010

Zimri Armstrong
(town fiddler)

Old Zimrie was the town fiddler.

In June 1813, Armstrong, "a black man, drowned on Sunday last, in this town" while crossing a stream that intersected Union Street near Back Street. This stream was said to be quite difficult to pass after heavy rains.

Armstrong might have been Zimri Armstrong, a slave who had served in one of the loyalist regiments and had been indentured by Samuel Jarvis of Stanford, Connecticut, who promised that he would purchase Armstrong’s enslaved wife and children, pay their passage to New Brunswick, Canada, and set Armstrong up in a trade at the end of his two year servitude. Jarvis did not live up to this agreement but instead sold Armstrong's wife and children as slaves.

John P. Arndt, age 30
Elizabeth Carpenter, wife, 30
Children include Philip, 6; Alexander, 5; Mary, 1
(boat builder, innkeeper)

Born Durham, Bucks County, Arndt was the son of Philip Arndt and Mary Little who had died at his birth. He was raised at grandparent's home in Williams Twp., Northampton County. His father was experienced in building Durham boats.

The Arndt's came to Wilkes-Barre from Easton with an aim at setting themselves up to profit from trade with Easton and beyond by way of the Easton turnpike which had not yet been built.

In April 1803 property located on Bank street not far from the ferry landing that contained a small a tavern or inn was purchased from Arnold Colt. The tavern had been run by Colt and previously by Thomas Wright.

A boat yard was built on the river bank where Arndt and his father engaged in boat building. They also experimented in shipbuilding. In July 1803 they launched the "John Franklin", a schooner of about twelve tons, which successfully reached Baltimore and engaged in ocean borne traffic.

After his father death in October 1804 Arndt took full control of the milling, lumbering, merchandising, and other businesses, including the building of the Durham boats.

In 1805 Arndt built a general store in partnership with John Robinson adjacent to the tavern and a storehouse on the river bank across from it: "Arndt & Robinson - Have just received and have on hand a pretty General assortment of Dry Goods, Groceries, Queens Ware and Cutlery. Which they will dispose of on as reasonable terms as any in the County, for Cash; and all kinds of Country Produce, for which the highest price will be given. Also - A Store House on the Banks of the River, handy for Storage of Goods and Grain; to accommodate those who may want Storage."

Dr. Samuel Baldwin, age 54
Elizabeth Moffit, wife
Children include Samuel, Jr.; Alexander; Elizabeth (Betsey), age 23

Born Egremont, Berkshire County, Massachusetts, Dr. Baldwin came to Wyoming in 1800 after the death of his wife, Elizabeth Moffitt. He lived in Kingston before moving to Wilkes-Barre.

In his youth he had served in the Continental army and afterwards studied medicine and practiced in West Stockbridge, Massachusetts, where he was twice elected a Representative to the Legislature.

He was somewhat eccentric and labored long trying to invent a perpetual motion machine.

Both of his sons later lived in Wooster, Wayne County, Ohio. Alexander was a doctor and Samuel Jr. was editor of the Ohio Spectator.

Dr. Baldwin lived in Wilkes-Barre until 1819, when he moved to Oxford, New York, where he spent the remainder of his life with his daughter, "Miss Betsey", who had married Epephras Miller of Oxford in July 1810 .

Job Barton, age 27
Hannah Wright, 24


From Doylestown, Bucks County, Job Barton came to Wilkes-Barre sometime after his marriage to Hannah Wright, daughter of William Wright and Sarah Ann Osborne, in May 1805. The Wrights and the Bartons lived in the vicinity of Union Street.

Serving in the Revolutionary War, Barton was a sergeant in Captain McLoughlin's Company, 16th regiment, U. S. Infantry.

Leonard Beatty
(inventor, house painter, wallpaper hanger)

Leonard Beatty came to Wilkes-Barre from New London, Connecticut. In September 1808 he purchased from John P. Arndt a small plot of land on Bank Street near Arndt's inn where he offered "House, Coach and Sign Painting, Gilding and Glazing" and "Paper Hangings, done with neatness and dispatch."

In December 1810 it was announced that Beatty "invented a machine for Calico and Paper Printing which will stamp at the rate of 200 pieces of paper hangings in nine hours."

Beatty afterwards moved to New York City where he was renowned for inventing a mashing machine for distillers or brewers that would produce "the greatest possible extract from grain."

Andrew Beaumont, age 19

Born Lebanon, Connecticut, Andrew Beaumont came to Wilkes-Barre in the year 1808 to attended school at the Wilkes-Barre Academy. In 1810 he became an assistant teacher in the Academy, being employed by the Trustees at the suggestion of Garrick Mallery, the principal.

John Bettle, age 45
Sarah, wife
Children include Samuel; Martha; William
(bank cashier)

John Bettle and his family came to Wilkes-Barre from Philadelphia when he was appointed cashier of the new Philadelphia Branch Bank which was located on Bank Street near Northampton street. The bank was opened 9:00 a.m. to 3:00 p.m. daily. John was the son of Samuel Bettle, a tanner, and his wife Sarah.

Bettle's daughter Martha was married to Jacob Sinton's son James in September 1811.

John Bettle, Esq., age 56, died unexpectedly in December 1817 with months of his wife's death the previous July.

John Bolles, age 43
Elizabeth Avery, wife, 38
Children include Avery, 18; Andrew, 14;Maria, 12; Stephen, 9; Eliza, 4
(saddler, boarding house keeper)

Born Montville, New London County, Connecticut, John Bolles came to Wilkes-Barre in 1807 when he advertised that he "contemplates to remove from New-London this Fall, to Wilkesbarre, to carry on the Saddling Business. He has left a number of Saddles and Bridles (warranted good) at Col. E. Buckeley's, for sale. He trusts his work will bear inspection, and satisfy those who may choose to purchase of him." His saddling business was located near the courthouse.

In April 1810 Bolles opened a boarding house "at the lower end of the borough of Wilkesbarre, at the house lately occupied by Captain Jabez Fish, where those who may please to favor him with their custom, shall be handsomely accommodated on reasonable terms, during Court week, or for a longer time if required." His house became a popular meeting place of the Wyoming Blues.

Bolles also continues his "Saddling and Harness Making Business" at this location.

About 1813 Bolles and his family moved to Susquehanna County.

Ebenezer Bowman, Esq., age 52
Ester Ann Watson, wife 32
Children include Caroline, 13; James, 11; Ann Marie, 9; Lucy, 4
(lawyer, bank president)

A resident of Wilkes-Barre over twenty-three years, Ebenezer Bowman was a prominent and successful attorney. His brother was Capt. Samuel Bowman and his nephew was Isaac Bowman the tanner.

He was one of the trustees of the Wilkes-Barre Academy from 1807 and for five years was president of the board.

In the Summer of 1810 when the Philadelphia Bank established a branch at Wilkes-Barre, Bowman was chosen President of the Board of Directors.

Isaac Bowman, age 37
Mary "Polly" Smith, wife, 34
Children include James, 2; Horatio, newborn

(tanner, currier, bank director, councilman, coroner)

A Wilkes-Barre resident for fifteen year, Isaac Bowman was Samuel and Ebenezer Bowman's nephew. Bowman's tannery was located on his Uncle Samuel's property at the north west corner of North and Main Streets where he had "for sale his tan-yard in Wilkesbarre, a quantity of sole and upper leather, calf-skins and boot-legs, which he will sell cheap for cash" and "He will give 5 cents per lb For good beef hides." In 1806 Bowman was elected First Lieutenant of the Wyoming Blues and in1807 he became Captain. In May, 1810, he was elected a member of the Wilkes-Barre Borough Council. In the Summer of 1810 a branch of the Philadelphia Bank was established at Wilkes-Barre and Isaac Bowman was one of the sixteen directors appointed to conduct the affairs of the bank. In November of 1810, Bowman was commissioned Coroner of Luzerne County by Governor Snyder for a term of three years.

Samuel Bowman, 56
Eleanor Ledlie, wife
Children include Mary, 19; Eliza, 17; William, 12; Samuel, 10; Alexander, 7; Ellen, 5; Charles, 2
(farmer, landowner)

Samuel Bowman of Lexington, Massachusetts, had been a resident of Wilkes-Barre about twenty-four years. He was renown as a Revolutionary War soldier who was one of the minute-men at Lexington and for his efforts in the "Whiskey Insurrection" of 1794.

In 1807 Bowman and his family moved from their home on Main Street to a farm located south of the Borough. During this period he built a new home on Main Street, where he resided from late 1811 until his death in June 1818 at age 64.

Col. Eliphalet Bulkeley, 64
Anna Bulkeley, wife, 63
Children include Sarah, 26; Patience (Patty), 25; Frances (Fanny), 23; Julia, 21


Born in Colchester, Connecticut, Col. Eliphalet Bulkeley came with his wife and daughters to Wilkes-Barre in the spring of 1807 and opened a tavern at the north west corner of the Square at the inn Isaac Carpenter had purchased from Thomas Duane. Bulkeley's son Jonathan had already established himself in Wilkes-Barre a few years earlier.

Bulkeley, a Revolutionary War veteran and lieutenant-colonel of the twenty-fifth regiment of the Connecticut State militia, was one of Colchester's more prominent citizens. He had been a justice of the peace for over twenty years and had represented Colchester in Connecticut's General Assembly, and since 1800, had "a house of entertainment at that elegant new building, Free Masons' Hall, New London, where the man of business, of pleasure, or the valetudinarian, may be equally gratified."

Bulkeley's wife was his cousin, Anna, daughter of Major Charles Bulkeley, of New London, Connecticut.

At Wilkes-Barre Bulkeley's daughters found husbands. In July 1809 Bulkeley's daughter Patty married Charles Chapman of Kingston. In June 1810 Julia Bulkeley was married to Steuben Butler. In
November 1810 Sally married Benjamin Bolton and in December 1811 daughter Frances married lawyer Francis McShane, Esq.

Col. Bulkeley died January 11th, 1816, at age 70, just nine days after his wife Anna's death. It was said ”The young were instructed by his conversation and the old delighted. "

Gen. Lord Butler, age 48
Mary Pierce, wife, 43
Children include Pierce, 21; Sylvania, 16; John L., 14; Chester, 12; Ruth Ann, 9; Zebulon, 7; Lord, 5

(Brigadier General, former State Senator, Bank Director)

A resident of Wilkes-Barre thirty-two years, Gen. Lord Butler, eldest son of Zebulon Butler and Anna Lord, was one of the most active public men in Luzerne county. In September 1800 he was recommended by Republicans as candidate for State Senator and in 1801 he was chosen a member of the Pennsylvania Assembly,

In October 1803 he ran for County Commissioner but lost to Ezekiel Hyde. In February 1804 he was appointed one of the Managers for the Easton and Wilkes-Barre Turnpike Road to serve one year. In May 1806 he was elected to first town council and in May 1807 was one of the first trustees to the Wilkes-Barre Academy. In October 1807 he ran for sheriff, but lost to Dana.

Son Houghton died October , 1807, age 15.

In January 1808 was President of Town Council.
In September 1810 was appointed one of the Directors of the newly established Branch of the Philadelphia Bank.

Phebe Haight Butler, age 52

A resident of Wilkes-Barre twenty-nine years, Phebe Butler was the widow of Col. Zebulon Butler, his third wife. She lived with son Steuben, newly married to Julia Bulkeley

In July 1801 her daughter Lydia Butler, age 17, had married George Griffin, Esq., age 23, and moved to New York.

Steuben Butler, age 19
Julia Bulkeley, wife, 21
(newpaper publisher)

Steuben Butler was the youngest son of Capt. Zebulon Butler and half brother to Gen. Lord Butler and Zebulon Butler, Jr. He and his new wife Julia Bulkeley resided at the Butler home at Bank and Northampton streets with his mother Phebe Haight Butler.

In May 1809 Butler, in partnership with Sidney Tracy, became the publisher of the Luzerne Federalist. Charles Miner, the previous publisher, wrote "The talents, integrity and applications of the young gentlemen who succeed me are a pledge to the public that the paper will be improved under their superintendence".

Sidney Tracy retired in September 1810 and in December 1810 a prospectus was published for a newspaper to be called The Gleaner and Luzerne Advertiser, published by Charles Miner and Steuben Butler.

Zebulon Butler, Jr., age 37,
Jemima Fish, 35, Wife
Children include Burton, 10; Lydia, 9; Sarah, 8; Harriet, 4; Ann, 2
(farmer, landowner)

A lifelong resident of Wilkes-Barre, Zebulon Johnson Butler was a farmer , landowner and former storekeeper. He had acquired much land from his father-in-law Jabez Fish who left Wilkes-Barre in 1809.

In 1806, Zebulon was appointed County Treasurer in place of Lord Butler and in May 1809 was elected Burgess of Wilkes-Barre. He was also in 1810 captain of the Wyoming Blues.

Zebulon died in 1817, age 41, leaving his wife Jemima and nine children: Burton, 17; Lydia, 16; Sarah, 15; Harriet, 11; Ann, 9; Houghton, 7; John, 5; Welles, 4; Sylvina, 1 Jemima Fish Butler died in 1819, age 44.

George Chahoon, mid thirties
Mary Baker
Children include Anning, 7; Ann, 6

(house carpenter, borough councilman)

From Sunbury, George Chahoon (Cahoon, Calhoun) came ti Kingston about 1795 and moved to a house on Bank Street in Wilkes-Barre about 1805 where he advertised "$4 Reward - Ranaway from the Subscriber on the 5th inst. an apprentice boy to the House Carpenter's Business, names Stephen Baker. He was about 19 or 20 years of age, dark complexion, about 5 feet 8 inches high. Whoever will take up said boy and return him to his master, shall receive the above reward. All persons are forbid harboring or trusting said boy under the penalty of the Law".

Chahoon, one of the leading builders in Wilkes-Barre and the surrounding area, was elected to the Borough Council in 1810.

Isaac A. Chapman, age 27

Born Norwich, New London, Connecticut, Isaac Abel Chapman, Joseph Chapman and Elizabeth Ormsby, came to Wilkes-Barre in 1809. One of his sisters, Elizabeth, was married to surveyor George Haines. Another sister, Lydia, married Dr. George W. Trott.

Chapman was a surveyor who advertised in December 1809 "Surveying and Conveyancing. The subscribing informs the Public that he has opened an Office at the House of Dr. George W. Trott, in the Borough of Wilkesbarre, where he will be ready to give Gentlemen any information which he may possess relative to lands in all parts of Luzerne Co. He has a large connected draught of the county, which he has carefully corrected from official papers at the Land Office of Pennsylvania. Besides separate and correct draughts of each of the Fifteen townships, copied from the official Maps in the office of the Surveyor General. He has likewise copies of most of the official draughts in the possession of the Deputy Surveyor and those Maps and Draughts, lately in the possession of George HAINES, formerly D Surveyor. He will attend to any Agency with which Gentlemen may be pleased to entrust him. He will perform all kinds of Draughting, Surveying and Conveyancing, in the neatest and most correct manner, and hopes by the proper attention to his business, to merit and share of the public confidence. Isaac A. Chapman."

Jacob Cist , age 27
Sarah Hollenback, 21
(postmaster, inventor, merchant)

Born in Philadelphia, Jacob Cist came to Wilkes-Barre from the City of Washington in 1808 when he was appointed postmaster of the Borough. He had married Judge Matthias Hollenback's daughter Sarah in August 1807.

Educated at the Moravian Seminary at Nazareth, he later assisted in his father's printing office. He developed an interest in the uses of anthracite coal as a youth from his father who often experimented and obtained a patent in October 1808 for using pulverized coal as mineral black for printers' ink, leather lacquer and other products.

Shortly after moving to Wilkes-Barre he entered into partnership with his father-in-law under the name of Hollenback & Cist and devoted his spare time to literature, painting and other arts.

Daniel Collings, age 23

Born at Easton, Daniel Collings learned the trade of clockmaker and in early 1810 came to Wilkesbarre, where he set up clock and watch making "at the North-west corner of Public Square in Wilkesbarre, where punctual attendance will be given to all those who may choose to favor him with their custom, on the most reasonable terms".

Arnold Colt, Esq., age 50
Lucinda Yarrington, wife, 41
Children include Temperance, 20, Julia, 14, Harris, abt 13, Henry, abt 13; Mary, 5
(former innkeeper, sheriff, county commissioner)

An on-and-off resident of Wilkes-Barre for twenty-four years, Arnold Colt kept a tavern at Stoddartsville on the Easton and Wilkesbarre Turnpike where he moved in the summer of 1809.

In 1801 he kept a public inn in Thomas Wright's tavern at the north corner of Bank and Centre Streets.From 1801 to 1804 he was one of the commissioners of Luzerne county.He was elected in May 1806 a member of the first borough council of Wilkes-Barre.

Deacon Hugh Connor, 66
Margaret Strong, wife, 65
Children include John, Hugh, Cornelius, Peter, Margaret


Born in Ireland, Hugh Conner came to Wilkes-Barre from Poughkeepsie, New York. He was a carpenter. In 1788 he built the benches for the first courthouse.

At the first meeting of a Wilkes-Barre Town Council, which took place on May 10, 1806, Hugh Connor was made street commissioner.

Conner was chosen a Deacon of the Presbyterian Church

Matthew Covell, age 48
Aurelia Tuttle, 46
Children Robert, 23; Edward, 18; Lyman, 15; Miles, 22; Sarah, 8; James, 5

(physician, Justice of Peace, storekeeper, tavernkeeper)

A resident of Wilkes-Barre twenty four years, Matthew Covell , was Wilkes-Barre's physician. His home was located on the south half of lot 31 located on the east side of Main street between Northampton street and Centre Square.

In February 1801 he purchased the south half of lot 18 on the west side of Main street directly across from his home. Here at times had he a tavern or a store.

As Justice of the Peace he performed several marriages.

In May 1807 he was named one of the first trustees of the Wilkesbarre Academy.

In March 1812 he offered his property on the west side of Main street was offered for sale or rent: "A house and lot, situated within a few rods of the Court House in Wilkesbarre. It is an excellent stand for a Tavern or Store.

In May 1813, Doctor Matthew Covell died, aged 53 years, "deeply lamented".

Lewis Delemanom
Louisa, wife
(storekeeper, merchant)

Born in France, Lewis Delamanom came to Wilkes-Barre in 1809 and opened a new store, Delamanon & Co., "at the house formerly occupied by Arndt & Robinson, on Bank Street, next door above Mr. Taylor’s Inn in Wilkesbarre, where they offer for sale on the most reasonable terms, a general assortment of dry goods and groceries., also an assortment of drugs and medicines. All kinds of country produce will be taken in payment for goods."

Delamanom later moved his store to the property at the north west corner of Main and Northampton Streets where Nathan Palmer's family had resided.

Jacob J. Dennis, age 23
(cabinet maker, Coach and Carriage Maker)

Born in Philadelphia, Jacob J. Dennis came to Wilkes-Barre and in June 1809 "respectfully informs the public that he carries on the Cabinet Making Business, in the shop lately occupied by W. H. Sanderson, on Bank Street" and in October 1810 "respectfully informs his friends and the Public, that he has lately employed a first rate workman, and intends carrying on the Coach & Chaise Body, & Carriage Making, at his shop in Water Street, next door to the Bank, in Wilkes-Barre, where orders in that line will be attended to, at the shortest notice. Carriages of all kinds will be faithfully repaired, and the least favor thankfully received".

Benjamin Drake, 32
Susan Wright, 28
Children include Harriet, 8; George, 6
(storekeeper, blacksmith)

A resident of Wilkes-Barre over ten years, Benjamin Drake had his home and blacksmith shop on the east side of Main street between Union street and Centre Square. He also operated a store. His wife was a daughter of William and Sarah Wright who lived at the north west corner of Main and Union Streets.

John F. Dupuy, age 60
Jane Dugue, wife, 50
Children Amelia M., 20; Palmyra E., 12; Louisa Catharine, 18; John, 9


Born in Bordeaux, France, John Francis Dupuy (Jean Francoise Dupuy) came to Wilkes-Barre in 1795 to begin a new life after fleeing St. Domingo during the slave insurrection of 1791, losing the bulk of his large estate and most of his valuables. Temporarily residing in Philadelphia, after he received some compensation through the French government after the independence of Haiti was established, Dupuy bought three tracts of land in Luzerne county, at Plymouth, Brookfield and Hemfield and lived in Nicholson for a period which he farmed

His wife was Jane (Jeanne) Elizabeth Dugue, a Huguenot.

Dupuy and his family lived on Northampton street at the northeast corner of present Franklin street.

Thomas Dyer, Jr., age 37
(lawyer, town councilman)

Born at Windham, Connectricut, Thomas Dyer first came to Wilkes-Barre in the summer of 1798 to look after the affairs of the deceased Col. John Durkee. Returning to Windham County he remained there until 1800 when he came back to Wilkes-Barre to locate here permanently, became a school-teacher, at the same time studied law. He was admitted to the Bar of Luzerne County in 1802 and shortly thereafter gave up his school.

In 1806 he was appointed a Justice of the Peace and since 1807 was a member of the Board of Trustees of the Wilkes-Barre Academy since 1807. He was also a Borough councilman.

His home was on the east side of Main Street just south of Centre Square.

Jacob Ely
Children Jane, 30; Thomas, James, George, Nancy, 18

Jacob Ely, a farmer, was widowed. His wife was Elizabeth Stewart who he married at Philadelphia in April 1776.

Jacob's son John who had the contract for carrying the Mail between Wilkes-Barre and Harrisburg died in October 1809, age 26. "He had long been afflicted with the consumption, which he bore with great fortitude, and resigned his breath, without a murmur."

Jacob's daughter Jane died in April 11 after "a long and distressing illness".

Jacob Eley died in 1818.

Edward Fell, age 31

Born Buckingham Township, Bucks County, Edward Fell was the son of Joseph Fell and Margaret Gourley of Doylestown and nephew to Jesse Fell.

Judge Jesse Fell, age 59
Hannah Welding, wife, 56
Children include Samuel 22; Abi, 18; and Nancy, 16

(Associate Judge, Inn Keeper, Bank Director, inventor, first Burgess, Town Council President)

A resident of Wilkes-Barre twenty five years, Jesse Fell was Associate Judge and Inn Keeper and had been elected first Burgess of the Borough of Wilkes-Barre in May 1806 and Town Council President in 1809.

In 1808 Jesse Fell succeeded in his experiments for burning coal for household purposes.

In 1810 Fell was appointed one of the directors of the newly established Philadelphia Bank Branch.

Abel Flint, 26
Anna Dudley, wife, 24

(painter, varnisher, gilder)

Born Windham, Windham, Connecticut, Abel Flint was the brother of Peter Yarrington's wife Naomi. He was in " the business of Painting, Varnishing and Gilding, In all its branches."

Flint was later in the grave stone business advertising that "he carries on the manufacture of Grave-Stones, at the Smith's shop of Peter Yarrington. He has found a quarry of excellent stone, not much inferior to Marble, which he will finish off in the neatest manner, and on the shortest notice. Orders from a distance will be attended to promptly, and every exertion made to give satisfaction to his employers. He also gives notice that he continues to carry on the Painting Business as usual. He has now a handsome assortment of paints."

Peter Gallagher
Margery Young

(Coppersmith, Tinsmith)

From Philadelphia, Peter Gallagher came to Wilkes-Barre in 1802 and married Margery Young, daughter of Robert Young and Phebe Poyner and grandaughter of Eunice Sprague.

In 1806 Gallagher advertised he carries on in his shop on Union Street "the Cooper and Tin Business in all branches, and can have Stills and Worms of all sizes, ready at the shortest notice, and on the most reasonable terms for Cash, and a general assortment of tin ware always on hand. All kinds of copper and tin ware repaired in the best manner. Old Copper, Brass and Pewter taken in exchange."

In August 1812 opened a New Tavern, "a House of Entertainment, on the east side of Centre Square, in the borough of Wilkes-Barre, sign of the Farmer and Mechanic; where he hopes by keeping a good assortment of Liquors, the other Refreshments, to merit and receive a portion of the public calls."

William A. George
(High Constable, Court Crier)

William A.George, High Constable of the Borough, lived on the south side of Market Street near the jail.

George was also the Court Crier.

Job Gibbs
Polly Arnold Alkins, wife, 32
Children include Lloyd Alkins, 7; Hart Alkins, 4

Job Gibbs, a carpenter, was newly married to Polly Arnold, the widow of Thomas Alkins the saddler. Gibbs had a reputation for being the laziest man in Wilkes-Barre.

Parthenia Atherton Gordon, about age 40
Children include George; John; James, 13

(tailoress, milliner)

About forty years old and known as the "Widow Gordon" Parthenia Atherton had been the wife of house carpenter James Augustus Gordon who built several of the homes in Wilkes-Barre prior to his death in the later 1790's.

After teaching school in Plymouth for years Widow Gordon returned to Wilkes-Barre in 1804 and became a tailoress, mantua-maker and milliner, and sometimes sold cakes and beer. In her milliner's shop was offered "an elegant assortment of bonnets" and "a neat assortment of Caps, Ribbons, Artificial Flowers, and various other articles in her business, suitable to the season". She also altered and repaired old bonnets and did all kinds of sewing "in a neat manner and at the shortest notice".

Thomas Graham, Esq., age 30
(lawyer, state representative)

From Providence Township, Thomas Graham, Esq., came to Wilkes-Barre in 1805 when he was appointed to the offices of Register of Wills and Recorder of Deeds.

Admitted to the bar of Luzerne County in 1798, in 1807 Graham was appointed Prothonotary and Clerk of the Courts of Quarter Sessions, Oyer and Terminer and Orphans' Court. From 1809 thru1811 he represented Luzerne county in the state legislature of the state. He was also one of the trustees of the WiIkes-Barre Academy.

Graham's law office was located in the northeast wing of the Court House.

George Haines, about 40.
Elizabeth Chapman, wife, 40
Children include Isaac, 6; Catharine, 4; Abigail, 1

George Haines came to Wilkes-Barre from Lancaster in 1806 where he held the office of Deputy Surveyor of Luzerne County. His wife was Elizabeth Chapman, sister of Isaac A. Chapman and Lydia Chapman Trott. He had a "Surveying, Conveyancing and Land Agency where he offered his services in Surveying and Drawing Deeds, Mortgages, Powers of Attorney, Bonds, and Notes. Fourteen years experience."

Jonathan Hancock, age 43
Martha Young, age 47
Children include John, 19; Catherine, 17; James, 16; Mary (Polly), 14; Martha, 12; and William, 10; Nancy, 9.

(Tavern Keeper, bank director, former Postmaster)

A resident of Wilkes-Barre about 19 years, Jonathan Hancock, kept a tavern on the north side of Public Square at the corner of Main street which he leased from Isaac Carpenter, John P. Arndt's brother-in-law.

In 1803 Hancock advertized in the Luzerne County Federalist: "The subscriber at the sign of the "Free-Masons' Coat of Arms", in Wilkesbarre, most respectfully informs his friends and the public in general, that he keeps a public house of entertainment, those who please to favor him with their custom may depend on every attention being paid to them, with the thanks of their humble servant."

In about 1805 when Thomas Duane sold the property to Isaac Carpenter, Hancock was forced to re-locate his hotel to a building on the north side of Centre (Market) street which a portion had been previously occupied by Asher and Charles Miner as a printing office. Having been appointed postmaster in March 1805, an office he held until October 1808 when Jacob Cist became Postmaster, Hancock's Post Office and bar-room were located in this former printing office.

In 1807 Hancock ran for sheriff of Luzerne County but lost to Jacob Hart. In December 1809 Jonathan Hancock "informs his friends and the public in general, that he has opened his Tavern, at his old Stand, near the Public Square in Wilkesbarre", the location he had been forced vacated in 1805 and was used as a tavern by Eliphalet Bulkeley.

In 1810 Hancock was one of the directors of the newly established Philadelphia Branch Bank.

Abraham Hart, age 24
Mary R., wife, 24

Born Pennsylvania, Abraham Hart was a shoemaker.

Jacob Hart, Esq., about 45
Sarah Searle, wife, 25
Children include William, 18, Rebecca, 1


A resident of Wilkes-Barre seventeen years, Jacob Hart was sheriff of Luzerne County, appointed in 1807. He also farmed his property located on the south side of Northampton street just east of Main street almost across from Jesse Fell's. He was a former Recorder of Deeds (1800), County Clerk (1802), Prothonotary, Clerk of the quarter Sessions and Clerk of the Court of Oyer and Terminer (1805).

Hart's wife Agnes died in January 1805, age 38. In May 1808 he re-married to Sarah Searle, age 23, daughter of Constant Searle, Jr., and Lucinda Miller of Pittston.

It was said that he was one of the first men to boat coal down the Susquehanna river.

Hart died at Wilkes-Barre in August 1811, age 46.

Oliver Helme, age 39
Sally Pease, wife, 36
Children include Myron, 12; James, 8; Cynthia, 6; Oliver, Jr., 4; Sarah, 10; Mary, 2; Samuel, newborn
(chair maker, house painter)

Born South Kingstown, Washington County, Rhode Island, Oliver Helme came to Wilkes-Barre and in April 1798 informed "the public, that he is about to commence chair making and house painting business".

Helme's first wife, Cynthia Beach, died in October 1806, age 27, and in 1807 he re-married to Sarah Peas, daughter of Samuel Peas of Hanover Township and widow of Thomas Fish.

Helme moved to Kingston in 1814 where he kept an inn for many years.

Lewis Hepburn, age 44
Huldah Hotchkiss, wife, 42
Children include Joseph; Fanny, 20; Patrick, 18; Jannet, 15; Robert, 8


Born New Haven, Connecticut, Lewis Hepburn and family came to Wilkes-Barre in 1810.

In May 1811 Hepburn advertised "Boarding & Lodging, by the day, week or month, may be had on reasonable terms, at the house occupied by the subscriber, directly opposite Mr. Hancock’s Tavern in Wilkesbarre".

Lewis Hepburn died in May 1814, "a very worthy and valuable man". "His loss will be severely regretted by his family and friends".

In December 1813 Hepburn's daughter Fanny was married to Joshua Miner, a stone mason. Daughter Jannet married Erastus Parsons of Lysle, Broom County, New York, in October 1815 and son Patrick married Betsey Tracy, daughter of Peleg Tracy, in June 1816.

Hepburn's son Joseph, a lawyer in Milledgeville, Georgia, was killed in a duel with another lawyer named Tracker B. Howard in May of 1822. "The Duel was fought on the South Carolina side of Savanna River, about ten miles below Augusta, on Tuesday the 28th of May "The cause of the duel originated from some disrespect or insult from Howard towards a young lady at a public ball, which was nothing more than refusing to give or withdraw his hand from the lady in performing some part of a cotillion where it was necessary their hands be connected, which Howard asserts was in retaliation for the same insult put on him by the lady in the same way a few moments previous. The lady, being a partner to Hepburn, he resented the insult, challenged Howard, fought and fell". "Two shots were fired, the second of which took effect, 'by striking Mr. Hepburn on the point of the right hip bone, and glanced around the abdomen, so as to escape on the opposite side'".

Abigail Hotchkiss
Children include George, Nancy


In February 1806 daughter Nancy Hotchkiss married William Coxe.

Son George Hotchkiss was a painter.

Joseph Hitchcock, age 44
Hannah Platt, wife, age 35
Children include Minerva, 9; Platt, 6; Mary; Sarah, 3; Hiram, 2

(builder, architect)

A resident of Wilkes-Barre about thirteen years, Hitchcock was an architect and builder who planned and built many of the public buildings which were erected in the towns lying along the Susquehanna, including the Meeting House and courthouse on the Square. He also built the mission church at Forty Fort.

Hannah died in Wilkes-Barre August 1813, age 38 "after a long and distressing illness". Joseph died in 1815 shortly after journeying to Columbus, Ohio, at age 49.

Matthias Hoffman, age 26
Margaret Billings, wife, 21

Born New York, Matthias Hoffman (Huffman), a shoemaker, was newly married to Margaret Billings, daughter of Cain Billings and Nellie Fisher of Pittston.

Matthias Hollenback, 58
Sarah Burritt Hibbard, wife, 59
Children at home include Eleanor, 22; George, 19
(merchant, landowner, associate judge)

Matthias Hollenback, an associate judge over twenty years, was one of the earliest residents of Wilkes-Barre and one of the was the largest landholder in northeastern Pennsylvania, owning stores, gristmills, sawmills, distilleries, and paper mills. His local headquarters were his combined store and dwelling on the west side of Main Street below Northampton.

Allen Jack, age 35

Born Tyrone, Ireland, Allen Jack, was the son of John Jack, of Meachey, Tyrone, Ireland. Jack came to Wilkes-Barre from Philadelphia in 1804 and opened a store "at the house lately occupied by Mr. Drake, a very General Assortment of Dry Goods, Groceries, Queens Ware, Rest Holland Powder & c. which he intends to sell at the Philadelphia retail prices for Cash or Country produce".

Allen Jack's store was located on the Covell property on the east side of Main street between Northampton street and Centre Square.

Allen Jack died September 1813, age 37, as the result of an accident while : "walking on the scaffold around the second story of a new store he was building, when unfortunately he trod on the end of a board not properly secured - the board gave way and precipitated him head long to the ground. He was taken up senseless and every aid in the power of the faculty afforded to restore him, but in vain."

He "languished in extreme pain until about 12 o'clock at night. It is supposed to have been an internal contusion that occasioned his death, as no fatal wound appeared externally. Thus has this worthy man, been cut down in the prime of life - full of vigor - and full of health. He was a valuable citizen honest, industrious and benevolent: and society will long mourn the loss of one of its brightest ornaments."

His next of kin were his father John, brothers Andrew and William, and sister Jane, wife of William Simpson , all of Tyrone Counrty, Ireland.

Silas Jackson, early 30's
Elizabeth Sayers, wife, 31
Washington, 4; Martha, 2

Born Newport Township, Silas Jackson came to Wilkes-Barre about 1809 and kept an inn on Centre Street, probably the one at the corner of Bank Street.

Jackson died in April 1811 "after a long and painful illness, which he bore with great fortitude". "He has left a widow, and four small children, to mourn the loss of a kind husband and affectionate parent".

Jehoiada P. Johnson, age 43
Hannah Frazer, wife, 28
Children include Ovid, 3; Mary, 1
(mill owner, landowner)

Jehoiada Johnson was the son of Rev. Jacob Johnson and lived at the family home on the corner of Union and River streets. In 1810 he moved to Laurel Run (later Parsons) and built a grist mill there.

His sister Christiana married William Russell Jr. in March 1801.

Jehoiada married Hannah Frazer, daughter of Robert and Sarah Frazer in 1804.

His mother Mary died in 1805.

John Jones, age 34
Wife, early 30's

John Jones was a shoemaker who in January 1812 moved " to his new house, opposite the Jail, in the Borough of Wilkesbarre, where he has constantly on hand an Assortment of Boots, Ladies & Gentlemen’s Shoes, of the best quality and newest fashions, which will be sold cheap for Cash or on a short credit".
Jones died March 1816, age 40

John Michael Kienzle, age 41

Born Berne, Switzerland, John Michael Kienzle was brought by John P. Arndt from Easton to Wilkes-Barre about 1806 to take charge of Arndt's household and storehouse. Kienzle's quarters were in Arndt's storehouse located on the river bank.

Glover Laird, age 29
Samantha Wolcott, 27
Children include: Ann, 5; Mary, 3; James, 1

(Boot and Shoemaker)

Born County Mayo, Ireland, Glover Laird came to Wyoming about 1801 with his parents and family. His father was James Laird was a shoemaker . Glover and his younger brother Gilbert had a boot and shoemaking .

Laird moved from Wilkes-Barre about 1811 and by 1820 was residing in Butler County, Ohio and thereafter St. Joseph County, Michigan. He died at age 91 South Britain, New Haven County, Connecticut.

Gilbert Laird, age 21
(Boot and Shoemaker)

Born County Mayo, Ireland, Gilbert Laird had a boot and shoemaking business with his brother Glover.

Samuel Maffet, age 22
(newspaper editor)

Born Linden, Lycoming County, Samuel Maffet came to Wilkes-Barre and in the summer of 1810 established the Susquehanna Democrat, a newspaper dedicated to the "support of the state governments in all their rights".

Maffet, son of Irish-born John Maffet and Eleanor Jane Steuart, learned his trade as a printer with John Binns, first at Northumberland where Binns published the Republican Argus and then at Philadelphia where since 1807 Binns published the Democratic Press, the leading paper in the state.

Garrick Mallery, age 26
(teacher, school principal)

Born Middlebury, Connecticut, Garrick Mallery came to Wilkes-Barre after graduating from Yale College in 1808. He was invited to become teacher and principal of the Wilkes-Barre Academy.

Mallery completed his study of law with Rosewell Welles, Esq., and was admitted to the bar in 1811.

Mary (Richards) Marble, about 44
Children include Reuben Thompson, 21; David Thompson, 16; Eleazer, 12; Sally, 9; Ebenezer, 5

(town baker, widow of Eleazer Marble, jailor)

Born Fairfield, Connecticut, Mary Marble, the town baker, was widow of jailor Eleazer Marble who died August 1805 at age 43. Mary's brother was David Richards, a farmer of Careytown, their parents being David Richards and Elizabeth Raymond. Mary's first husband was Samuel Thompson who was originally from Bethlehem, Litchfield County, Connecticut and lived in Schoharie, New York, for a short period and died in August 1795 as he was preparing to move his family to Wyoming Valley.

In 1796 Mary Richards Thompson married Eleazer Marble, originally from Vermont and came to Hanover Township, lived in the Stewart Block House, and then in Wilkes-Barre in one of Solomon Johnson's log houses on the west side of Main Street toward Union, where, in September 1802 Marble advertized "Ready Pay - Will be made for a quantity of Flax Seed, and for all kinds of Furr by Eleazer Marble. He will pay cash for live Geese Feathers."

Marble's sons David and Reuben Thompson learned the carpenter trade from George Chahoon. Son Reuben Thompson in 1807 was an indented apprentice to George Chahoon. That June, when Reuben ran away, Chahoon described him as " about Eighteen years of age, has black hair, and black eyes, a florid complexion; is about five feet eight or nine inches high, and thick set. He had on when he went away, a brown mixed short jacket, a pair of Nankeen or Fustian pantaloons, a wool hat half worn, and a pair of shoes, rather too large for him."

Mary Marble's daughter Charlotte Thompson was married Jacob Keithline in May 1804.

Mary (Molly) McAlpine, early forties
Children include George, Daniel , 13

Born Scotland, Molly McAlpine lived in a slab and board cabin on Bank at the western base of the redoubt, north of Union Street and Jehoiada Johnson's residence.

Her sons Dan and George McAlpine enlisted in the 16th Regiment under Cromwell Pearce and served with credit during the War of 1812.

Francis McShane, Esq., age 30

Born Philadelphia, Francis McShane, owning a great deal of land in Luzerne County, came to Wilkes-Barre to manage his property.

In 1811 McShane owned a business which manufactured nails and in January 1812 announced that he "has removed his Nail Works, to the new Factory on Franklin Street, Wilkesbarre, nearly back of Col. Bulkeley’s. His Nails will be sold, at wholesale, on more advantageous terms than they can be procured from abroad and being cut under the strong heat of a coal fire, will be found much less brittle that what are made in the prisons, or the manufactories of places, where fuel is used sparingly. Gentlemen at a distance, who want a quantity, may find it advisable to send their orders beforehand, as the general demand will probably often exceed the stock made up."

In December 1811 McShane married Frances Bulkeley, the daughter of Col. Eliphalet Bulkeley.

In April 1813 "Francis M'shane, Esq., died on Monday evening last, of a lingering illness, aged 33 years". "It is now but little more than a year since we recorded his marriage with the amiable young lady of this place, the daughter of Col. Eliphalet Bulkeley. How soon are her wedding garments changed to weeds of mourning, and the bright prospects of happiness clouded with woe? Early has she to taste of the cup of sorrow, for the beloved partner of her joys and her hopes is gone forever. He was a man highly esteemed for his probity and virtue, and promised to be a useful citizen in public as well as in private life. Society, therefore, as well as his friends have occasion to deplore his loss."

John Miller

John Miller was the janitor of the Wilkes-Barre Academy and the first sexton to the Meeting House on the Square.

Charles Miner, age 30
Letitia Wright, wife, 22
Children include Ann, 5; Sarah, 4; Mary, 2; Charlotte, newborn
(newspaper publisher)

Born Norwich, Connecticut, Charles Miner, son of Seth and Anna (Charlton) Miner , came to Wilkes-Barre from Susquehanna County in 1801 where he was attempting to take charge of his father's farm since 1799. He had earlier been a printer's apprentice at New London.

Miner, who came to Wilkes-Barre at his brother Asher's invitation, taught school for a bit then became Asher's partner the proprietorship of the Luzerne County Federalist in April 1802, under the firm name of A. & C. Miner, taking full ownership in 1804 when Asher moved to Doylestown, Bucks County and established the Pennsylvania Correspondent and Farmers' Advertiser.

In January 1804 Miner married Letitia Wright, the daughter of Thomas Wright's son Joseph.

Miner, a Federalist, was elected as a to the Pennsylvania House of Representatives and served in 1807 and 1808.

In May 1809 Miner retired from publishing the Luzerne Federalist and in December 1810 issued a prospectus for a newspaper to be called The Gleaner and Luzerne Advertiser, published by Charles Miner and Steuben Butler.

In May 1809 Butler, in partnership with Sidney Tracy, became the publisher of. Charles Miner, the previous publisher, wrote "The talents, integrity and applications of the young gentlemen who succeed me are a pledge to the public that the paper will be improved under their superintendence".

Sidney Tracy retired in September 1810 and in December 1810 a prospectus was published for a newspaper to be called The Gleaner and Luzerne Advertiser, published by Charles Miner and Steuben Butler.

Enoch Ogden, age 34
Lovisa Davis, age 33
Children include Mary Ann, 13; Elizabeth, 10; George; Elizabeth


Born in New Jersey, Enoch Ogden was a shoemaker on east side Centre Street below Square. His wife was Lovisa, daughter of Joseph Davis and Obedience Sperry, of Great Barrington, Berkshire County, Massachusetts.

Enoch died April 1814 age 40.

Nathan Palmer, age 41
Jerusha, wife, 43
Children include Ann B., 20; Strange Nathan, 18; Sterne, 14; Volney B. ; Eliza, 4; Laura, 3

( lawyer, state senator, bank director, former storekeeper)

A resident of Wilkes-Barre over sixteen years, Nathan Palmer was the son of Elihu Palmer and Lois Foster. Palmer, was a lawyer, and former prothonotary, and clerk of the Courts.

His home was on the corner of Main and Northampton streets and "Contains 1 acre on which are a convenient dwelling house, a good barn and other out houses, a number of fruit trees together with a never failing well of excellent water."

In May 1806 was elected to Wilkes-Barre's first Town Council.

From 1808 to 1810 he represented Luzerne and Northumberland counties in the senate of Pennsylvania. In 1813 he was treasurer of Luzerne county. In 1814 he was appointed one of the trustees of the Wilkes-Barre Academy, and served for five years.

In 1810 he was appointed one of the directors of the Philadelphia Branch Bank.

In January 1813 is appointed Treasurer of Luzerne County, an office he held until January 1816.

Benjamin Perry, age 38
Mary Ingham, wife, age 35
Eliza, 6; Harriet, 3, Mary, 1

(storekeeper, town council member, Luzerne County Commissioner)

A Wilkes-Barre resident sixteen years, Benjamin Perry, lived in a brick home at the north east corner of Main and Union streets where he had a store and other businesses. He was also partners in a store with his brother Thomas at Elmira.

In November 1800 Perry opened a store " consisting of a general assortment of merchandise for the season".

In 1801 Collector of the Revenue for the 4th Division, Survey No. 2, District of Pennsylvania.

In 1803 ran for County Commissioner, but lost to Ezekiel Hyde.
Appointed Luzerne County tax collector in 1806.

In 1808 was Captain of the Wyoming Blues.

In May 1909 was elected to Town Council. He was also a County Commissioner.

Francis Rainow, age 23
Elizabeth Eley, wife, 22

Francis Rainow came to Wilkes-Barre when he was married Jacob Eley's daughter Elizabeth in April 1810.

John W. Robinson, 32
Ann (Nancy) Butler, 23
Children include Houghton, 1; Charles, newborn.

Born at Norwich, Connecticut, John W. Robinson came to Wilkes-Barre from Montrose, Susquehanna County, in 1804 and formed a partnership was formed with John P. Arndt in a general merchandise business. Robinson was said to be a fair penman, an accurate accountant and a good book-keeper.

In December 1805 they advertised "Arndt & Robinson - Have just received and have on hand a pretty General assortment of Dry Goods, Groceries, Queens Ware and Cutlery. Which they will dispose of on as reasonable terms as any in the County, for Cash; and all kinds of Country Produce, for which the highest price will be given. Also - A Store House on the Banks of the River, handy for Storage of Goods and Grain; to accommodate those who may want Storage ".

Also, in January1806, "Washing Machine! We offer Ladies, from the curious Deane. For your relief, a simple new Machine, With which you'll wash, more in a single hour, Than in the common way you can in four. Ye kind husbands, - We offer you a remedy for the evil suffered by your wives in the too laborious employment of Washing. If you wish to avail yourselves of it, please to apply to the proprietors in Wilkesbarre. "

In January 1808 Robinson married Ann Butler, daughter of the late Colonel Zebulon Butler and Phebe Haight and half brother to Gen. Lord Butler. The ceremony took place at the Butler family home on Bank Street at Northampton.

In October 1808 the co-partnership of John P. Arndt and John Robinson was dissolved.

Robinson then partnered with Stephen C. King and had stores at both Sheshequin and Wilkes-Barre. The Wilkes-Barre store was located on Bank Street on the Butler property near Northampton.

William Ross, age 49
Elizabeth Sterling, wife 42
Children include Sarah, 17; Caroline Ann, 13; Eliza Irene, 11; William Sterling, 8

(farmer, landowner, Justice of Peace)

A resident of Wilkes-Barre thirty-six years, William Ross farmed a great deal of land on the east side of South Main street.

In 1800 Ross was appointed brigade inspector of the 2d Brigade, composed of the militia of the counties of Northumberland, Lycoming, and Luzerne, to hold office for seven years from the date of his commission (Apr. 25, 1800). The same day he was appointed brigadier general of the same brigade, an office which he still held in 1812.

William Russell, age 37
Christina Johnson, wife, 41


William Russell, a potter, was the son of William Russell and Mehitable Cowen. In 1801 he married Christiana Olive, daughter of Jacob Johnson. Russell had a pottery on River street below Union for many years.

David Scott, Esq., age 28
(lawyer, prothonotary, clerk of courts)

Born Blandford, Massachusetts, David Scott, Esq., son of William Scott and Anna Boice of Litchfield, Hartford County, Connecticut, moved to Wilkes-Barre from his brother George's home at Towanda in December 1806. At Wilkes-Barre Scott taught school while studying law under Thomas Graham, Esq., and was admitted to the bar of Luzerne County in January 1809.

In January 1809 Scott was appointed prothonotary of the court of Common Pleas, and clerk of the Orphans' Court, Quarter Sessions, and Oyer and Terminer.

Jacob Sinton, age 49
Mary (Polly) Dawson, wife, 37
Joseph, 35, brother
Children include James, 26; John, 18; Phoebe, 13
(storekeeper, town councilman)

Born Moyallon, County Armagh, Ireland, and Quakers, the Sinton brothers were merchants of Sunbury who had emigrated in the early 1790's. Moving to Wilkes-Barre in the fall of 1804, they occupied the store formerly kept by Rossett and Doyle on Thomas Wright's property on Bank Street near Centre Street where they had for sale "groceries, china and queen's ware, iron mongery and dry goods, which, as they do not want to sell on credit, they will dispose of on reasonable terms of cash or country produce". They were Quakers.

Joseph Sinton was on the Borough Council.

Jacob's daughter Elizabeth married Sidney Tracy in January 1809 and son James married John Bettle's daughter Martha in October 1811.

John Sletor, age 28
Sarah Arndt, wife, 23

(nail manufacturer)

Born Parsontown, Kings County, Ireland, John Sletor, married to John P. Arndt's cousin Sarah, came to Wilkes-Barre from Easton and engaged in the manufacturing of nails. Sletor had immigrated in 1803 as a result of the Irish Rebellion and established a stove foundry at Easton.

In May 1810 Sletor advertised "Cut Nail Manufactory — John Sletor, informs the Public that he carries on the Manufacturing of Nails, in the building two doors below John P. Arndt’s Tavern. Merchants, and all other persons can be supplied with Nails of all descriptions, at the shortest notice and on reasonable terms."

At the time of the war of 1812, Sletor returned to Easton and began the manufacture of cloth designed for the making of uniforms for the United States soldiers. By the time this venture was fully launched the war was over and he was financially ruined.

Joseph Slocum, age 33
Sarah Fell, age 29
Children include Hannah, 8; Ruth, 5; Deborah, 4; Abi, 2


A resident of Wilkes-Barre thirty-three years, Joseph Slocum was Frances Slocum's younger brother.

In 1807 the Slocum's built in a three and a-half story brick residence on the south side of Public Square with his blacksmith shop nearby. This was the first building in Wilkes-Barre of such a height and the first brick building erected in northeastern Pennsylvania.

Previously their home was the north-east corner of Union and Main Streets and the blacksmith shop was on the east side of Main Street just north of Union. The house was large and had "a good garden, well of water, smoke-house, stables, hog-house and corn-house."Early in 1803 Joseph Slocum was elected Captain of the "Wyoming Blues," and served until about 1808.In 1807, Joseph Slocum was elected one of the two Assessors of the new borough. In this same year he became one of the incorporators of the Wilkes-Barre Academy and served as a member of its Board of Trustees.

Eunice Sprague, age 78
(physician, midwife)

Born Colchester, Connecticut, Eunice Chapman Poyner Sprague was one of the first settlers of Wilkes-Barre and was probably the area's first female physician. She had been married (and divorced) to Dr. Joseph Sprague. She lived in a log cabin home at the south west corner of Main and Union Street that she had purchased from Solomon Johnson a few years earlier.

It was said "her obstetrical practice surpassed that of any physician in this portion of Pennsylvania. For attending a confinement case, no matter how distant the journey, how long or fatiguing the detention, this sturdy and faithful woman invariably charged one dollar for services rendered, although a larger fee was never refused if anyone was able or rash enough to offer it."

Eunice's daughter Phebe Poyner Young also lived in Wilkes-Barre and her Granddaughter Margery Young Gallagher lived nearby.

Mrs. Eunice Sprague died April 1814 at age 82.

Stephen Tuttle Jr., age 37
Mary Ann McKerachan, wife, 36
Lydia Lyman Tuttle, mother, 72
Children include Harriet, 6

(merchant, storekeeper)

Born Connecticut, Stephen Tuttle, Jr., came to Wilkes-Barre in 1785 with his parents Stephen and Lydia Lyman Tuttle. His father was the first jailor of Luzerne County.

In 1798 Stephen Tuttle, Jr. moved to Tioga Point to run Matthias Hollenback's store there. He returned to Wilkes-Barre at the time of father's death in 1809 and opened store. His wife was Mary Ann McKerachan, one of Mattthias Hollenback's stepdaughters.

His sister Aurelia, 46, was married to Doctor Matthew Covell.

In November 1810 he advertised "New Store — Stephen Tuttle, has just received and now offers for Sale at his store in Main Street, a few doors below the Court House in the Borough of Wilkesbarre, a fresh and handsome assortment of goods, at the most reduced prices. Goods exchanged for Country Produce, and the highest price given. N. B. He has also on hand, a large Quantity of Whiskey, of which he will dispose, on very reasonable rates."

The Tuttle family home was located on the west side of Main Street just north of the Square.

Conrad Teeter, age 29
Sally Waller, wife, mid 20's
Children include Eliza, 6; Jacob, 5; Houghton, 2; Mary, newborn

(saddle & harness maker, stage driver, mail carrier)

Born Hope, Sussex County, New Jersey, Conrad Teeter came to Wilkes-Barre and married Sally daughter of Capt. Nathan Waller in May 1803. Waller had farms both north and south of Wilkes-Barre.

In June 1803 he advertised "Conrad Teetor, Intends to carry on the Saddling Business at the house on Bank Street a few rods North of Messrs Rossett & Doyle's store, Wilkesbarre. New Saddles and Bridles, for gentlemen or ladies, furnished on the shortest notice: and repairs Saddles, Bridles, Harness & c. carefully attended to. Every favor suitably acknowledged; Grain or Hides will be taken in payment; and cash not refused."

In 1810, Conrad Teeter contracted with the government to carry the mail once a week in stages from Sunbury to Painted Post, by the way of Wilkes-Barre, Wyalusing, and Athens. When he had passengers he took his stage and team. Otherwise he went on horseback or with a one horse wagon when the mail was small or the passengers few.

Peleg Tracy, age 44
Hannah Leffingwell, wife, 37
Children include Betsy, 14; Hannah Maria, 13; Daniel, 10; Charles, 9; Vernet, 7; Martha, 4; Mary Ann, newborn
(merchant, county clerk, town council member)

Born Norwich, New London, Connecticut, Peleg Tracy came to Wilkes-Barre and in 1804 resided on Bank Street, just north of Centre Street. In 1810 Tracy was residing in Kingston but returned to Wilkes-Barre shortly thereafter.

Since 1805 Tracy was County Clerk and, at times, a member of Wilkes-Barre's town council.

Hannah Leffingwell, daughter of Daniel Leffingwell and Elizabeth Whiting, was PelegTracy's second wife. Hannah Leffingwells's sister Betsey was married to Joseph Chapman, Jr., a brother to Lydia Trott, Elizabeth Haines and Isaac A. Chapman, all of Wilkes-Barre. Peleg Tracy's first wife was Betsey Brown, daughter of Jesse Brown and Anne Rudd, who died in March 1792 at age nineteen, "a young lady whose amiable disposition secured to her the love and esteem of all her acquaintance".

Edwin Tracy, age 27
(saddler, harness maker)

Born Norwich, New London, Connecticut, Edwin Tracy, son of Capt. Andrew Tracy and Molly Clement and brother to Sidney Tracy and Peleg Tracy, came to Wilkes-Barre and in November 1808 "respectfully informs the Public, that he carried on the Saddle and Harness Making Business in the building, adjoining the house of George Cahoone, on Bank Street".

Tracy had moved with his parents from Connecticut to Willingborough, Luzerne County, in the late 1790's.

Sidney Tracy, age 29
Elizabeth (Betsy) Sinton, wife, 23
(newspaper publisher, Borough Clerk)

Born Norwich, New London, Connecticut, Sidney Tracy, son of Capt. Andrew Tracy and Molly Clement and brother to Edwin Tracy and Peleg Tracy, came to Wilkes-Barre and in May 1809 Tracy, in partnership with Steuben Butler, became the publisher of the Luzerne Federalist. Charles Miner, the previous publisher, wrote "The talents, integrity and applications of the young gentlemen who succeed me are a pledge to the public that the paper will be improved under their superintendence". Sidney Tracy retired from the paper in September 1810

In June 1810 Tracy was appointed Borough Council clerk. Not long after Tracy moved to the farm south of Wilkes-Barre he called Moyallon.

George W. Trott, age 34
Lydia Chapman, wife, 34
Children include Sarah, newborn

Born Norwich, Connecticut, George Washington Trott came to Wilkes-Barre in 1804 after completing his medical training in Norwich, Connecticut. Trott resided at Capt. Peleg Tracy's on Bank Street. In October 1804 he advertised "Dr. Trott, offers his serviced to the Public as a Physician, he resides at Capt. Peleg Tracy's, next door to the Printing-Office, where he will attend to any call in the line of his profession".

Trott had received his training under his brother-in-law Dr. Philemon Tracy (Peleg Tracy's cousin) of Norwich, who gave him the following: "This may certify that Doct. Geo. W. Trott has resided with myself nearly 4 years as a student in physic, etc. His opportunity has been good, both as to theoretic improvement and observation in practice. I think he may safely be confided in as a young man of skill in his profession and of unexceptionable moral character."

In June 1806 Trott married Miss Sally Marvin at Norwich, Connecticut. After Sally's death in September 1807 he remarried in September 1809 to Lydia Chapman, his brother John's wife's sister. Lydia, daughter of Joseph Chapman and Elizabeth Ormsby, was a sister of Isaac A. Chapman and Elizabeth, wife of George Haines.

Dr. George W. Trott died in May 1815, age 37.

Barnet Ulp, age 26
Sarah Treadway, wife, 20


Born Hardwick Twp, Sussex County, New Jersey, Barnet Ulp came to Wilkes-Barre about 1805 after living in Kingston a short period. Ulp was a hatter.

Ulp married Sally Treadaway, daughter of John Treadway and Hester Camp of Hanover Township. Sally's sister Polly was married to John Ward.

Andrew Vogel

Andrew Vogel came to Wilkes-Barre about 1807 and informed "the public that he has commenced the Hatting Business, two doors below the Public House of John P. Arndt, in Bank Street, where he will supply those who may choose to favor him with their custom, with Hats of all kinds. Furs, Suitable for his business will be purchased or exchanged for Hats. A likely lad, 14 or 15 year old, will be taken as an apprentice to the above business."

Joseph Von Sick, age 51
Children include Nathan, John, Amelia, 2
(physician, deputy constable)

Born Bavaria, Joseph Von Sick , a physician, was also a deputy contable in Wilkes-Barre.

The Von Sick family moved to Bradford County after 1816 and later to Erie County, Ohio.

John Ward, age 21
Mary (Polly) Treadway,wife, 18


John Ward came to Wilkes-Barre in 1809 and "commenced the tayloring business in the borough of Wilkesbarre, at the shop lately occupied by Joseph Basckenstose, on Bank-Street, next door below Mr. Taylor’s Inn."

In November 1809 he was married to Mary (Polly) Treadway, daughter of John Treadway and Hester Camp of Hanover Township.

Rosewell Welles, Esq., age 49
(lawyer, former State Legislature representative)

A resident of Wilkes-Barre twenty four years, Welles was a prominent lawyer who in 1786 where he was admitted to the Luzerne County bar when the county was organized on May 27, 1787. His home, a large frame house, was on the north east corner of Bank (River) and South street. He represented Luzerne County in the State Legislature in 1797-98 and in 1802, '04, '05, and '06.

Welles' wife Hannah died in November 1807 and in September 1809 daughter Harriet was married to Martin Cowles at Farmington, Connecticut.

Josiah Wright, age 34
Anna Fish, wife, age 27
Children include Sarah, 8; Edwin, 6; Thomas, 4; Charles, 2; newborn Mary Ann

A resident of Wilkes-Barre twenty-five years, Joseph Wright, Thomas Wright's son, was a scrivener, i. e., a professional copyist of official or formal documents.

Thomas Wright, age 52
Mary Nelson, age 31
(county commissioner, landowner/speculator, mill owner)

A resident of Wilkes-Barre in twenty-five years, Thomas Wright in 1810 lived at his home in Wrightsville. Over the years he a dealer in real estate, buying, improving, then leasing or sell a great deal of land in the area which he improved with including farms, grist mills, saw mills, forges, distilleries, houses, taverns, etc., and became quite wealthy. He was a former Luzerne County commissioner (1798, 1800) .

His wife Mary Dyer Wright died August 1803 of a possible stroke at age 63. In June 1804 he re-married a Miss Mary Nelson, age 25.

In November 1803, shortly after Mary Dyer Wright's death, Wright placed his properties for sale:

Improved Real Estate For Sale
Thomas Wright, Wilkesbarre offers the following property in Luzerne Co. for sale:

#1 - About acre, on the NE corner of Bank and Centre streets with a Tavern, Dwelling House, Store house and Stabling. This property now rents at $200 per ann.

#2 A - Lot on said bank street nearly adjoining the above, containing 3 acres and 58 perches, whereon is erected a large three story Log House, unfinished

#3 A - Lot containing about an acre, where upon the subscriber now lives situated nearly on the centre of said Bank street and in one of the most pleasant situations in said town. There are on the said lot two Dwelling Houses, a neat framed Barn, and good Stabling. Said premises would rent for $120 per annum.

#4 A - Lot (now in Clover) on the same street. Containing about 4 acres, adjoining Rosewell Welles, Esq.

#5 - An Out-Lot, containing five acres and some perches, with a Dwelling House thereon; which rents for $16 per annum

$6 A - tract of Land, containing about 1000 acres, distant two miles from said town, which is now in the occupancy of several tenants. On said tract are erected a Grist-Mill, three stories high, 48 by 30 feet, containing two pair of Stones and three Boults, in good order; a Distillery near the mill; also a Saw Mill and three good frame Barns thereon; a large quantity of clear land excellent meadows; the whole would rent for $600 dollars per annum.

Also, several other pieces of land in said Township.

In Pittstown: #1 A - Plantation adjoining the river about 5 miles from the county town, containing 150 acres, with two Dwelling Houses, one large frame Barn, 30 by 40 feet; on this tract is an established Ferry, to cross to Kingston; and 60 or 70 acres of clear land.

#2 - 100 Acres, adjoining the river, with a neat two story Frame House, Kitchen, Store house a large new frame Barn, 32 by 42 feet, with Shades and Stabling; about 3 acres of this tract with the improvements, now rent for $100 per annum, being occupied as a tavern and store by David BARNUM, Esq. The other part is occupied by a tenant on shares.

#3 - Three Plantations all adjoining, eleven miles from Wilkesbarre, containing about 570 acres, with three Dwelling-Houses and a Barn on each; nearly 150 acres clear with a good proportion of meadow to each of them; the road from the Susquehannah to the Delaware goes through these farms; advantageously situated about one mile from the subscriber's forge.

#4 - A Forge in good repair, with three Fires on a never failing stream (Lackawana) two miles from the confluence; with several thousand acres of good Wood Land in the vicinity and plenty of the best Bog Ore on the lands, also, a number of houses for the workmen. Likewise, a number of other valuable improved Plantations, with Houses and Barns thereon, in several of the different townships. All the lands mentioned, are clear of any disputed titles, as may be seen in the Office of the State Commissioners under the Act of Assembly, of '99.

Also a Grist-Mill, in the town of Plymouth, three fourths of a mile from the river, in the heart of a flourishing settlement; the mill has two pair of stones, and about seventy acres of good land adjoining.

Thomas Wright died at his residence at Wrightsville March 25th, 1820 and was brought " to the burying ground in the borough of Wilkesbarre where he was decently interred."

Wright's son Thomas Wright, Jr., died in August 1813, age 31, at Fort George.

Mary Nelson Wright died in May 1824 in Sunbury Township, Delaware Country, Ohio, age 45.

William Wright, age 60
Sarah Ann Osborne, wife
Children include Mary; William, 21; Benjamin, 11; Joseph, 10

Born in County of Down, Ireland, William Wright came to America in 1763, with his brothers Joseph and Thomas. He had been was a soldier in the Revolutionary army. In 1783 at age 32 he married Sarah Ann Osborn. a Quaker, in Philadelphia. Wright afterwards settled in Wilkes-Barre where he and his wife taught school in their home at the north-west corner of Main and Union streets.Wright's eldest daughter Susan was married to Benjamin Drake, a blacksmith. His daughter Hannah was married to Job Barton.

Abel Yarrington, age 70
(former County Coroner, ferryman)

Abel Yarrington came to Wyoming from Stonington, Connecticut in 1772, with his wife and three children Lucinda, John, and Peter.

From 1790 to 1793, and from 1795 to 1801, he was coroner of Luzerne county, and for several years he was treasurer of the county, collector of taxes and keeper of the Wilkes-Barre and Kingston ferry. He had also kept one of the first taverns, located just north of the ferry landing.

Rebecca died March 1808

Luther Yarrington, age 30
Hannah Abbott, wife, 22
Children include Zebulon, 2


Born in Wilkes-Barre, Luther Yarrington of was a son of Abel and Rebecca Yarrington. In June 1807 he married Hannah Abbott, daughter of Phillip Abbott and Anna Hewitt.

In July 1808 Yarrington advertised "Blacksmithing Business, on the front street in Wilkesbarre, second door below Messrs. Sinton’s Store. Luther Yarington. An apprentice, is wanted to the above business. A likely active lad about 15 or 16 years of age, will be received, if application be made soon.

Peter Yarrington, age 40
Naomi Flynt, wife, 29
Children include Dilton, 7; Lucinda

(blacksmith, High Constable)

A resident of Wilkes-Barre about 38 years, Peter Yarrington was a blacksmith and also High Constable. His blacksmith's shop was probably located on Bank Street between Northampton and Centre Streets.

Yarrington's wife was Naomi Flynt, daughter of Abel Flynt, who he married in 1802. At the first meeting of a Wilkes-Barre Town Council, which took place on May 10, 1806, Yarrington was made street commissioner, a position he held until 1809. He was also high Constable of the borough since 1807.